5. template Construct

The template construct declares the name of a template and its shape. Templates are virtual arrays which used for data and work mapping. They can have multi-dimensional shapes.

5.1. 1-dimensional Template

  • XMP/C program
#pragma xmp template t[10]
  • XMP/Fortran program
!$xmp template t(10)

The template construct declares 1-dimensional template t which has 10 elements. In XMP/C, each element has an unique index from t[0] to t[9]. Likewise, in XMP/Fortran, the index starts from t(1) to t(10).

Hint

In general, the user declare temaplates which has the same size with the target data array where data/work mapping is done.

In XMP/Fortran, the start index of the template can be given by an arbitrary number to match the starting array index in the base language.

  • XMP/Fortran program
!$xmp template t(-5:4)

The template construct declares 1-dimensional template t starting from t(-5) to t(4).

Note

In XMP/C, templates should start from 0 since array indices start from 0 in the C language.

5.2. Multi-dimensional Template

  • XMP/C program
#pragma xmp template t[10][20]
  • XMP/Fortran program
!$xmp template t(20,10)

The template construct declares 2-dimensional template t which has 10x20 elements. In XMP/C, the template has elements starting from t[0][0] to t[9][19]. Likewise, the template has elements starting from t(1,1) to t(20,10) in XMP/Fortran.

5.3. Dynamic Template

  • XMP/C program
#pragma xmp template t[:]
  • XMP/Fortran program
!$xmp template t(:)

A colon symbol is used instead of a number to declare 1-dimensional dynamic template t. The colon symbol indicates that the size of the template is undefined. The size of the template is determined at runtime by template_fix construct